Androgenetic alopecia — A genetic and increased receptivity of the scalp to androgens explains 95% of men’s hair loss cases.

Androgenetic alopecia, the most common form of male baldness, is often genetic — a family history can be traced from parents, grandparents, uncles, or aunts. This form of baldness is attributed to an increased receptivity of the scalp to androgens (testosterone), the male sex hormones.


When combined with the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme that is located in the scalp, testosterone creates DHT. When the concentration of DHT is very high, the capillary cycle is altered. In more susceptible areas, such as the temples and the top of the head (vertex), DHT acts on the hair follicles by shortening the growth phase of the hair and by progressively shrinking the follicles, which will result in the growth of very fine, duvet-like hair. In the end, hair growth will completely cease in these areas, and the inactive hair follicles will sink in the dermis, leaving the skin completely smooth.

Androgenetic alopecia usually starts after puberty, most often in the mid-twenties, and progresses until 55-60 years old, with both active phases and dormant phases. It’s not rare to see this progression sped up by aggravating factors such as stress, dietary additives, and polymers found in hairstyling products. In men, androgenetic hair loss is progressive and  follows a predictable pattern. Hair loss begins on the temporal lobes (the hairline) and then affects the top of the head. Both regions will eventually reach one another to create complete baldness of the crown.

Seborrheic hypersecretion — an imbalance of the sebaceous glands that causes progressive thinning of the hair.

Seborrheic hypersecretion will provoke a progressive thinning of the hair in which 40% to 50% of the hair count will be lost, but it will not cause baldness like androgenetic alopecia would. An imbalance of the sebaceous glands of the scalp is responsible for this disorder. In fact, glands become hyperactive and start secreting an oily coating that suffocates the hair follicles, which will atrophy over time.

Seborrheic hypersecretion will often aggravate androgenetic alopecia.

Other causes — stress, anxiety, emotional shock, illness, surgical intervention, infection, certain medication, autoimmune reaction (alopecia areata, totalis or universalis), etc.


Androgenetic alopecia is an excessive genetic receptivity of the scalp to androgen hormones. In 80% of cases, hair loss in women is caused by a genetic predisposition to androgens. It is the main cause of hair thinning and hair loss among women. At the onset of menopause, 40% of women will experience a certain degree of androgenetic alopecia.

Androgens are hormones that normally flow in the blood, just like the feminine hormones estrogen and progesterone. If you’re genetically predisposed, the androgens will have a negative influence on your hair follicles, which will translate into thinning of the hair and an acceleration of its lifecycle. Androgenetic hair loss is progressive and always causes thinning hair. It’s sometimes accompanied by hyperseborrhea.

Women who suffer from androgenetic alopecia will have a tendency to lose their hair in a combination of various patterns and progressions. Some women notice their hair loss beginning in the anterior or mid scalp region, which is a few inches behind the hairline. For other women, it is the hairline itself that begins to thin, but there is rarely a true recession as there is with men – instead, the hair thinning seems to occur randomly throughout the first inch or so of the hair without the orderly recession pattern that is characteristic of most male-pattern baldness.

Other causes — Hormonal changes (pregnancy, pre-menopause, menopause), stress, anxiety, emotional shock, vitamin or dietary deficiencies (iron, calcium), some medications, chemotherapy and radiation treatments, autoimmune reaction (alopecia areata, totalis or universalis), sebaceous gland imbalance.


In cases involving chemotherapy, pregnancy, vitamin deficiency, stress, seborrheic hypersecretion, etc — it’s possible to stabilize hair thinning, hair loss, and even stimulate regrowth. It’s important to take action on the cause of the problem by adopting a targeted scalp treatment program.

If a woman presents a strong excessive receptivity of the scalp to androgens (androgenetic alopecia), it’s possible to limit the effects by adopting a targeted treatment plan. However, to regain the desired hair density, she can choose from many options, such as wearing a partial or total hair prosthesis, or undergoing a hair transplant procedure.

Unfortunately for some women, hair loss will be irreversible. For example: certain alopecia cases, burns on the scalp, the presence of scars, or problems following a serious infection. In these cases, excellent corrective measures exist to help women obtain a full head of hair.


At Capilia, we can help you stabilize, purify, and detoxify your scalp to improve any of the following scalp ailments:

  • Men’s hair loss
  • Androgenetic hair loss in women (diffuse, profuse)
  • Chemotherapy and cranial radiotherapy
  • Dry, brittle or dull hair
  • Post-pregnancy hair loss
  • Itching
  • Oily or dry scalp
  • Psoriasis
  • Dry or oily dandruff
  • Alopecia
  • Seasonal shedding
  • Eczema

Women tend to lose their hair in combinations of various patterns and progressions. Some women notice their hair loss beginning in the anterior or mid-scalp region, which is a few inches behind the hairline. For other women, it is the hairline itself that begins to thin, but there is rarely a true recession as there is with men. In this case, the thinning seems to occur randomly throughout the first inch or so of hair without the orderly recession pattern that is characteristic of most male-pattern baldness. As well, very few women experience recession at the temples, whereas most men do.

The wide variety of patterns and progressions in female baldness make it impossible to adopt a singular approach. For example, how could a solution that helps establish a frontal hairline also work for diffused hair loss all over the top of the scalp? The Trapeze program is a procedure that adds to your existing hair, rather than covering it up, as a wig would do. It allows us to add hair to thinning areas and place hair in areas where there may be none at all. The amount of hair that is supplemented can come in whatever proportions it takes to cosmetically solve your hair loss problem.

Because of the various female hair loss patterns and causes, we offer a personalized Instant Hair Loss Correction Program specifically designed for women’s needs and ideal for achieving the right amount of hair enhancement in critical areas, while preserving existing hair.


With regards to men’s hair loss, it’s possible to slow down the process, control and even potentially reverse the effects.  Follicles are sometimes still active and produce a very thin capillary stem that’s barely visible to the naked eye. With appropriate treatment, volume and strength can return.  In these cases, there’s increased volume without necessarily having more hair. The hair loss cycle can be reversed if we can find and work on active follicles.

The only technique that allows us to increase the quantity of hair remains the transplant.


Partial or total hair loss is the most common side effect associated with chemotherapy and cranial radiation therapy. It usually begins 2 to 3 weeks after treatment. For the majority of men and women, it’s considered one of the most physically and emotionally devastating aspects of the treatment. When your doctor confirms that hair loss is eminent, you realize how much your hair is an integral part of your personal identity. Many wonder if they’ll be able to feel good about themselves and keep their spirits up despite the disappearance of their hair. Most patients find it as difficult to cope with the hair loss as it is to deal with the cancer itself.

Capilia experts understand that we’re joining your life at a critical moment, and that’s precisely why the Comfort program was created. Designed to respond to your hair loss, it respectfully offers information and solutions in an intimate and peaceful setting.


Hair transplants initially began in 1955 and have greatly improved over the years. So much so, that today it’s practically undetectable and results produce a perfectly natural look. We can confidently say that hair transplants are the best option for permanent hair loss.

Hair transplantation involves harvesting the hair and follicles (grafts) from one area of the scalp (called the donor site) and skilfully transplanting them to the area in need of hair, in order to achieve a permanent solution to hair loss.

To ensure an optimal outcome, doctors will consider the amount and type of donor hair, your age, and general health when evaluating your potential for a transplant.

The main goal in hair transplantation is to achieve greater hair density while retaining complete naturalness of appearance. The challenge is to reach the ultimate goal with limited hair from the donor area (generally, the “crown”). In other words, a person can add only as much hair to the bald area(s) as can be provided by the donor area.

This is where the surgical team’s qualifications and experience play a major role. It’s their artistic skill that ultimately creates the appearance of an abundance of hair through the sizing and strategic placement of each graft, the angle of the hair, and how closely the grafts are spaced amongst themselves.


For many years, hair was thought to grow in single strands. But in 1984, the follicular unit, consisting of 1 to 4 hair follicles packed together and bound by collagen fibres, was discovered to be the starting point for the growth of hair. The follicular unit technique is to cut the smallest grafts possible by removing the naturally occurring group of follicular units from the surrounding bald skin.


Transplants nowadays are carried out using extremely small needles that enable the surgeon to implant the grafts so finely and densely that there is virtually no hint of surgery. Due to these major advances, just one transplant session is now required to implant the same density that previously required two or more sessions.


No other hair replacement solution offers a permanent result the way a hair transplant does. But as for anything else, cost can be a legitimate concern.

When considering hair replacement options, it’s important to find a solution that both suits your needs and budget. Contrary to other options, such as hair systems that need year long care and regular replacement, a hair transplant only requires a single procedure which means a one-time expense.

This makes it not only an affordable choice, but also a smaller investment in the long run. The cost of a hair transplant depends on each individual’s requirements and circumstances. The best way to determine cost is to meet your local Capilia specialist for a free consultation. During this time, you’ll see what you’d look like with a transplant and find out what the real cost would be.

Capilia understands you want to look your best today, rather than tomorrow. Thanks to CitiFinancial, we offer 12 month financing at 0%, so you can start now and pay nothing for a year. Ask your Capilia specialist for details (*conditions apply).

As a leader in hair replacement, let us show you how our experience and expertise can achieve what you thought was impossible.